FAQs for NRI Clients
Q1. Who is a Non-Resident Indian (NRI)?
A: Indian citizen who stays abroad for employment or business purpose or a vocation outside India or stays abroad under circumstances indicating an intention for an uncertain duration of stay abroad is a non-resident. Non-resident foreign citizens of Indian Origin are treated as a Non-resident Indian citizen (NRIs).
Q2. Who is a person of Indian Origin (PIO)?
A: The person of Indian Origin (PIO) is a citizen of any other country but whose ancestors were Indian nationals at least four generations away called PIO.
Q3. What is an OCB?
A: Overseas Corporate Bodies (OCBs) are bodies predominantly owned by individuals of Indian nationality or origin resident outside India and include overseas companies, partnership firms, societies and other corporate bodies which are owned, directly or indirectly, to the extent of at least 60% by individuals of Indian nationality or origin resident outside India. In overseas trusts at least 60% of the beneficial interest is irrevocably held by such persons. Such ownership interest should be actually held by them and not in the capacity as nominees. The various facilities granted to NRIs are also available with certain exceptions to OCBs as long as the ownership/benefits held in them by NRIs continue to be at least 60%.
Q4. Can NRIs and Overseas Corporate Bodies (OCBs) invest in India?
A: Investments by NRIs and OCBs are allowed, both, through the RBI route and also through the Government route, i.e., through the Foreign Investment Promotion Board (FIPB).
NRIs and OCBs are permitted to invest up to 100% equity in real estate development activity and civil aviation sectors. Investment, made by the NRIs and OCBs, are fully repatriation, except in the case of real estate, which has a 3 year lock-in period on original investment and, 16% cap on dividend repatriation.
Q6. Is there a limit to the number of investment in acquiring commercial properties in India?
A: Most of the apartments are developed by developers so it will be handy to check the background of the builder, the designer, and the architect. You should always check if there have been any problems with their other developments in past. The financial position of the developer should be strong so that he could complete the project on time if the project is under construction, find out that the developer has the essential resource and building consents before paying anything. As quantity concerned in real estate investment in India there is no limit on the number of investments can be made in commercial properties in India.
Q5. How should purchase considerations for the residential immovable property be paid by foreign citizens of Indian origin under the general permission?
A: The purchase consideration should be met either out of inward remittances in foreign exchange through normal banking channels or out of funds from NRE/FCNR accounts maintained with banks in India.
Q7. Can a person of Indian origin acquire any immovable property in India by way of inheritance?
A: A person of Indian origin, resident outside India, may acquire any immovable property in India by way of inheritance from a person, resident outside India, who had acquired such property in accordance with the provisions of foreign exchange law in force at the time of acquisition by him or the provisions of Foreign Exchange Management (Acquisition and Transfer of Immovable Property in India) Regulations, 2000. Immovable property, by way of inheritance, can also be acquired by a person of Indian origin resident (IOR) outside from a person resident in India.
Q11. What is Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA)?
A: Residential status and nature of transaction i.e. capital account transaction (e.g. purchase/ sale of shares, property) or current account transaction (e.g. remittance of income on shares, property) are the cornerstones of FEMA. Under FEMA, certain types of transactions do not require RBI permission while others either require prior approval of RBI/ Government or it is mandatory to inform RBI of the same.
Q12. Can a person of Indian origin resident outside India gift properties acquired earlier in terms of the provisions of FERA/FEMA?
A: Yes, of course. A person of Indian origin resident outside India may transfer residential or commercial property in India by way of gift to a person resident in India or to a person resident outside India who is a citizen of India or to a person of Indian origin resident outside India. A Person of Indian origin resident outside India may also transfer by way of gift agriculture land/farm house/plantation property in India to a person resident in India who is an Indian citizen.
Q8. Are NRIs permitted to send remittances outside India out of the assets in India that are inherited by them?
A: RBI will consider application from NRIs for remittance of assets, inherited by them in India. Such remittance may be permitted up to US$ 100,000 per year.